Health Supplements: Fact or Fiction? Are Americans Throwing Away Their Money?


For a variety of conditions, including stress, brittle bones, and sleeplessness, nearly four out of five Americans take supplements everyday. But do these “superpills” genuinely deliver on their promises, or are Americans simply wasting hundreds of dollars annually? Nutritionists caution that there is frequently minimal evidence to support a supplement’s claimed health benefits. 


This plant recently became the talk of TikTok due to claims that it can treat anything from menopause to easing tension and anxiety. Experts claim it includes with a nolides, which are chemicals that can decrease inflammation, and should be taken as a tablet with ground-up roots once or twice daily. Others contend that they can lessen stress by preventing the brain’s dopamine from being released. There may be a connection between taking the supplement and less stress, according to a meta-analysis conducted in 2022 using data from 12 research and 1,000 participants.

The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) advises that further study is required but states that the supplement’ may be useful’ at reducing stress. The NCCIH also said that there was ‘little evidence’ that the supplement may improve sperm quality and testosterone levels. The group said that there was “not enough evidence” to back up other claims that ashwagandha improves menopausal symptoms, athletic performance, or the health of the brain.

Nutritionists agree that the supplement is safe to use, but advise against frequent usage due to the possibility of unpleasant side effects including vomiting and diarrhea. They also advise against it for those who are pregnant, have autoimmune diseases, or have thyroid problems.


This powder is most frequently taken by gym attendees and was just voted the second-most popular supplement in America. It is well-liked among the group for its capacity to increase energy, which enables muscles to work harder, and to aid recuperation, which promotes growth. According to scientific evidence, using this supplement could increase muscle mass and enhance strength.

The supplement proved “an efficient form of supplementation” for muscle growth in a healthy young population, according to a separate 2022 meta-analysis examining 12 research. Additionally, it has been suggested that creatine may support cognitive performance in those 60 years of age and older, while the evidence for this is still ‘poor’.

Of the few evidence supporting this assertion, one study with 30 participants who consumed creatine four times per day for one week found appreciable increases in brain function. However, the sample size was insufficient to draw firm conclusions on the benefits of the supplement.


It is claimed that this “super-pill” treats everything from poor energy and headaches to muscular soreness. Natural sources of it include spinach, almonds, salmon, and meat. According to experts, those who consume a balanced diet should obtain enough from these sources and not require additional supplements. But many people continue to take it in order to prevent a deficit and enjoy the purported health advantages.

Dr. Bruce Bistrian of Harvard Medical School explained this by saying: “Magnesium supplements are sometimes marketed as “super-pills” that can treat a long list of illnesses like muscle tension, low energy, and difficulty sleeping in people with adequate total body magnesium.” But he said, “The evidence just isn’t there to support the claims.” Magnesium is a nutrient that muscles utilize to help them contract, so when there isn’t enough of it available, cramps may result. Some nutritionists claim that consuming magnesium can help athletes prevent muscular cramps.

This assertion is supported by studies involving over 400 pregnant women, which demonstrate that magnesium can assist the group prevent leg cramps, particularly at night. A comprehensive evaluation from 2012, however, found little support for the claim in groups of older persons and concluded that there was no difference in the frequency of cramps between the supplement-taking and control groups. The majority of scientists agree that using magnesium supplements is secure.


It might be challenging to fall asleep in today’s hectic society. One in four American people, or 25% of the population, use melatonin pills sometimes or frequently to address the problem. When sunlight starts to diminish, the brain produces melatonin, which helps people feel sleepy. Supplements containing melatonin assert that they speed up this process and can help people fall asleep more quickly and remain asleep longer. The vitamins are absorbed into the circulation and reach the brain within 30 minutes of consumption. Only 2.5 to 50% of the melatonin in the tablet, however, really reaches the organ. According to the NCCIH, there is “not enough strong evidence” to support the claim that the drugs can aid someone who often has trouble falling asleep or has insomnia.

There is insufficient proof that the hazards exceed the advantages in cases when science has identified a potential benefit, such as when a person fails to fall asleep at regular hours, according to academics. Dementia is one of the potential dangers. According to findings from a 3,000-person research published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease in 2022, individuals who regularly used the supplement had a higher risk of developing the illness. Additionally, some studies have showed that people who received larger dosages were more likely to get the condition.

Vitamin D 

This vitamin, which is often obtained from sunshine, became well-known during the Covid epidemic due to theories that it may shield a person against illness. In a market worth $638 million, approximately one in five Americans still use the supplement today for its alleged health advantages, which may include bone strength. For individuals to receive the daily recommended amount of vitamin D, only 10 to 15 minutes of exposure to sunshine is required every day. According to experts, everyone should naturally produce enough of this vitamin every day, even when exposed to a gloomy sky in the winter.

The vitamin may strengthen bones by increasing the body’s absorption of calcium, according to some research.  The VITAL experiment, a large research involving 25,000 participants and performed by Harvard to evaluate the advantages of Vitamin D supplementation, was the most significant study to not establish a relationship between taking vitamin D and strengthening bones in healthy middle-aged and older persons.

Even then, some experts in 2019 claimed that getting too much vitamin D can potentially lower bone density. The National Institutes of Health state that there is ‘no proof’ that the vitamin prevents infections, which further undermines claims that it helps guard against Covid. Dr. Neha Vyas, a family medicine specialist at Cleveland Clinic, summarizes the data. The literature doesn’t seem to agree on much. There aren’t any substantial, reliable research on vitamin D that don’t involve conflicts of interest.


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Source: Daily Mail

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