According to the World Health Organization, heart disease is the top cause of death for both men and women globally, but there are steps you can take to drastically lower your risk. Along with regular exercise and stopping smoking, a healthy diet is essential for preventing heart disease.
But which diet best conforms with the dietary guidelines of the American Heart Association?
Leading nutritionists have assessed 10 well-known diets based on how well they comply with the evidence-based dietary guidelines for heart health that will be published by the AHA in 2021.
The DASH diet was completely in line with AHA recommendations for heart-healthy eating. Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, or DASH, is an acronym for high blood pressure as a key risk factor for heart disease and stroke.
The pescatarian diet, which excludes meat and poultry but permits dairy, eggs, fish, and other seafood, was 92% in line with AHA recommendations. There was 86% agreement between the lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet, which permits dairy and eggs, and versions that only include one of the two.
The AHA’s dietary guidelines were 89% in line with the celebrated Mediterranean diet.
In Search of Healthy Eating
According to senior author Christopher Gardner, a research professor of medicine at the Stanford Prevention Research Center in California who also serves as the group’s director of nutrition studies, the popular diet placed third, mostly because it suggests a modest glass of red wine each day and does not restrict salt intake.
Nobody should consume alcohol if they haven’t started, according to the American Heart Association, Gardner said. And to drink only the bare minimum if they do.
According to research, eating a Mediterranean-style diet can lower your chances of developing diabetes, high cholesterol, dementia, memory loss, depression, and breast cancer, in addition to helping you lose weight and live a longer, healthier life.
However, Gardner noted that because all of these diets have so much in common, they may really be categorized as the top “tier” of eating habits.
We simply wanted to show that a diet doesn’t have to be 100 percent effective, he continued. “All of the top-tier diets are plant-based, and if they make a mistake, it’s not hard to fix them; Keto and paleo, on the other hand, are truly unfixable.
They would require a comprehensive makeover.